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Partnership Firm Registration Online In India

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What Is Partnership Deed?

A business established by two or more partners with the goal of achieving a profit is called a partnership firm. There are benefits to registering a partnership firm. The legal document used to establish a partnership company registration is known as a partnership deed.

The Indian Partnership Registration Act of 1932 is the primary governing partnership registration law in India. A partnership, as defined by the law, is a union of individuals who have consented to divide the profits from a company that they all, or any of them, act for a banking business. A partnership can only have a maximum of 10 members, whereas for other enterprises, it can have a maximum of 20 members.

While the partners are separate legal entities, partnership firms are not. A partnership company registration is not permitted to be a debtor, creditor, or property owner. According to the law, the assets, liabilities, and credit of a partnership registration firm belong to the partners. To prevent future misunderstandings, the partnership agreement must specifically state how profits and losses will be distributed among the partners. Each partner is allowed to conduct business on behalf of the others.

Given its low expenses, simplicity of setup, and lack of stringent compliance requirements, it makes sense for some businesses, such as home-based ones that are unlikely to go into debt to register themselves as partnership firms. General partnerships have an optional registration process. To draft a current original partnership deed registration format, get in touch with our Vakilsearch experts right away. If there are fewer than two partners after a partner’s death, incapacitation, or resignation, the partnership company registration will be dissolved.

Characteristics of Partnership Firm Registration

1. Number of Partners: A partnership must have at least two partners. When performing banking transactions, the maximum is 10; in all other situations, the maximum is 20.

2. Voluntary Registration: Although it is not required to register a partnership, it is always advisable to do so because doing so has many additional advantages.

3. Contractual partner: There is a contractual tie between each partner. A original partnership deed registration format proposes that in order on various aspects governs the relationship. Each and every partner signs the deed, binding each and each of them.

4. Competency of the Partners: According to the Act, the partners entering into the agreement must be competent adults and cannot be minors.

5. Profit and Loss Sharing: The partners divide the profits or losses according to the percentages that were agreed upon and recorded in the agreement.

6. Unlimited Liability: In all registartion of partnership firm governed by the aforementioned Act, each partner is jointly and severally liable for any losses incurred by the firm.

7. Interest Transfer: A partner’s interest may not be transferred without the other partners’ approval.

8. Principal-agent relationship: Partners and the firm have a principal-agent relationship. The agent acts on behalf of the company, so it is expected that he will act in the company’s best interests. Any one of the partners may act on behalf of the other partners, or the entire partnership may carry out the business jointly.

Types of Partnership Firm In India

These are the two different kinds of partnerships.

Joint Venture at Will

A partnership by will is one in which the partners haven’t made any agreements regarding how long their partnership will last or how it will be decided.

Specific Partnership Registration

A specific partnership occurs when one person joins forces with another person in a specific business enterprise or for a specific business venture or undertaking, such as building a road, laying railroad tracks, etc. This kind of collaboration will dissolve after the task for which it was initially formed is finished.

Various Partner Types in Registration of Partnership Firm

Based on the level of liability in a firm, the partners can be differentiated into different classes.

Partner: Active, Actual, or Ostensible

when a partner in a partnership firm joins by mutual consent. Actively takes part in managing the cooperation. For all actions taken during the regular business life cycle of the company, the partner of the firm represents the other partners. When a partner retires, they are required to publicly notify the public in order to release themselves from responsibility for any actions taken by the other partners after their retirement.

Dormant Partner

An inactive partner is one who is a partner by legal arrangement but is not actively involved in the management of the company. These partners are liable to third parties, responsible for the partnership firm’s commercial operations, and share in profits and losses. They are not required to make their decision to leave the partnership firm public, though.

Principal Partner

A notional partner is someone who engages in this without holding any actual equity in the business. Such a sponsor is not qualified to share in the company’s earnings. This partner has no ownership stake in the business and is not involved in its management. However, this partner is liable to other businesses for all the firm’s operations.

Profit-Share Partner

This is a partner who is entitled to a share of the profits but who is not liable for them. Only third parties can hold such a partner responsible for the actions of the gain.


A partner in a partnership deed registration who agrees to divide the company’s profits with a third party is referred to as a sub-partner. Sub-partners have no rights against the company and are not liable for any obligations of the company.

Prospective Partners

They are individuals who are accepted as partners into an established business with the consent of all the existing partners. Such a partner is not responsible for any conduct that occurred before becoming a partner in the company.

Previous Partner

A departing partner is a partner who leaves a partnership while the other partners are still in charge of the business. Such a partner is nonetheless accountable to third parties for all firm acts until he gives a formal notice of retirement.

Partner by Holding Out (Section 28)

This type of partnership registration is also referred to as partnership by estoppel. In this scenario an individual can hold themselves as a partner or permit another person to do the same. Whenever an individual represents himself as a partner in an online registration of partnership firm in India then they are liable to any individual who has trusted this representation and provided credit to the organisation.

How to Register Partnership Firm? – Procedure

Step 1: Submit a Registration Application

The Registrar of Firms in the state where the company is located must receive an application form and the required fees. All partners or their representatives must sign and verify the registration application.

Step 2: Choosing the Name of the Partnership Firm

A partnership firm can be referred to by any name. But make sure they abide by the rules—for example, no two names should be the same, nothing related to the government, etc.

Step 3: Registration Certificate

The firm will be registered in the Register of Firms and given the Registration Certificate if the Registrar is pleased with the registration application and supporting documentation. All firms’ most recent information is available in the Register of Firms, which anybody can access for a fee.

Partnership Deed Format

The legal options available to the firm’s partners are summarised in a partnership deed format. It should cover:

  • Each partner’s obligations, rights, and liabilities are governed by it
  • The deed contains all of the terms and circumstances of the partnerships, which is very beneficial in preventing misunderstandings between the partners
  • The partnership deed will be simply referred to in the event of a dispute among the partners, making a resolution simple
  • The partners’ misunderstanding of how to split losses and receive reimbursement for earnings
  • Explains the part played by each partner
  • The partnership deed will also include sections that specify the amount of compensation that shall be paid.

Relevance of Partnership Firm Registration

The Indian Partnership Act states that registering a partnership is neither necessary nor needed. It is optional and up to the partners’ discretion. The firm may be registered at the moment of its formation, incorporation, or ongoing operation as a partnership.

However, according to experts it is always recommended that you register the civil partnership because registered firms are entitled to a number of unique rights and advantages over unregistered ones. The advantages of registration of partnership firm are:

  • In order to enforce his contractual rights against a partner or the firm, a partner may file a lawsuit against any other partner or the partnership itself. Partners cannot file a lawsuit to enforce their rights against their fellow partners or an unregistered partnership company registration in india
  • To enforce a contractual right, the registered corporation may file a lawsuit against any third party. A non-registered business cannot sue a third party to enforce its rights. Any unregistered business, however, is subject to third-party litigation
  • The registered business may use set-off or other legal actions to enforce a contractual right. The unregistered company cannot use setoff in any legal action brought against it.

Partnership Deed Online Registration Fees

Depending on the contribution of the partners, different states have different government fees for registering a partnership firm in india. However, the Vakilsearch Partnership Firm Registration Online Plan allows you to register a partnership firm online.

Start your partnership firm registration online at Just ₹499

The following services are included in the partnership firm registration online plan cost:

  • Application PAN
  • Drafting partnership agreements
  • Documents must be filed with the Registrar of Corporates (RoC), including a deed
  • 100% online registration certificate issuance
  • Expert consultation.

Advantages of Partnership Firm Registration

1. Minimum Compliance

Whenever a private limited company is involved, something else always gets in the way (unless you hire someone to handle this for you). You avoid this hassle when you form a partnership. Seriously you don’t want to start out your business burdened with compliance work. You simply want to concentrate on your company.

2. Simple to Begin

One of the simplest types of businesses to launch is a partnership. In most cases, a partnership deed registration is the only necessity for register partnership firm in india. As a result, a partnership can be established today. On the other hand, an LLP enrollment would take between 5 and 10 working days to complete because the MCA must be contacted for the electronic signature, DIN, name approval, and incorporation.

3. Comparatively Economical

You will have to pay at least ₹15,000 to establish a private limited company, not to mention compliance and auditor fees. When you’re just getting started, do you want all this baggage? A partnership, however, will only set you back about ₹2,000.

Infographic for the Process:

Step 1 : Reach out to us Step 2 : Submit the documents
Step 3: Get your partnership deeds first draft Step 4: Sign the documents
Step 5: Partnership deed registration

What Are the Consequences if the Partnership Firm Is Not Registered?

If the partnership firm is not registered, the partners of the aforementioned firm may in fact enforce their rights under the terms of the Indian Partnership Act, 1932. This means that the involved firm is not permitted to file a lawsuit or make a setoff claim in the event of any dispute with a third party. However, the unregistered partnership firm is subject to third-party litigation.

Tax Compliances After Obtaining Partnership Firm Registration Online

  • After the registration process for the registration of partnership firm is officially initiated, the partners of the aforementioned partnership firm must receive PANs (Permanent Account Number) and TANs (Tax Deduction Account Numbers) from the IT department
  • No matter how much money is made or lost, a partnership firm in india must file an ITR (Income Tax Return)
  • In the case of a register partnership firm, the total income will be taxed at a rate of 30% plus an additional income tax surcharge
  • Furthermore, a tax audit must be performed by all partnership firms with a yearly revenue of over ₹100 lakhs.

Businesses that generate more than ₹40 lakhs in annual income must register for GST online (₹20 lakhs in the case of the north-eastern states). However, businesses involved in e-commerce, market place aggregation, and export-import must register for GST in order to operate.

After registering for GST, the concerned firm is required to submit monthly, quarterly, and annual GST returns. Partnership firms must also submit their quarterly TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) returns, which must deduct tax at source in accordance with the applicable TDS rules and have TANs.

Last but not least, all partnership firms must obtain an ESIC registration and file an ESIC return.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Private Limited Company

    By virtue of section 2(68) of the Companies Act, 2013, Private Limited Company is a type of company which offers limited liability with certain restrictions defined in regulations:

    • restricts the right to transfer shares
    • Limits the numbers of its members to 200
    • Prohibits any invitation to the public to subscribe for any shares in, are debentures of the company(No Public Trading of Shares)
    • Prohibits any invitation or acceptance of deposits from persons other than its member
    • The word ‘Private Limited’ must be added at the end of its name
  2. One Person Company

    One Person Company popularly known as OPC introduced in India under the Companies Act, 2013. The concept of OPC is a fusion of sole proprietorship and private company which intends to permit single economic entrepreneurship to take the advantages of a corporate form of organisation.

  3. Limited Liability Partnership

    Limited Liability Partnership is a corporate entity registered under Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008. It is a form of partnership firm that enjoys limited liability. It is a hybrid form of a partnership that includes the features of a company. Compliances for a company are applicable to LLP.

No, the whole incorporation process is online. You can send the scanned copy of all the required incorporation documents via e-mail. All the forms and documents are filed electronically and even signed digitally.

The company name should be selected with utmost care. The rules for selecting a company are:

  • The name should be ended with the words “Private Limited” in case of private company, “OPC” in case of one person company and “LLP” in case of limited liability partnership which is mandated by law.
  • The name must be unique.
  • Follow the naming guidelines for better chances of approval.
  • The name should be suggestive of the main objectives to be taken by the business entity.
  1. Private Limited Company
    • Appointment of auditor
    • Statutory audit of accounts
    • Filing of annual return
    • Filing of financial statements
    • Holding Annual General Meeting (AGM)
    • Prepare directors’ report
    • Filing of income tax return
  2. One Person Company
    • Appointment of statutory auditor
    • Holding Board Meetings (BM)
    • Filing of financial statements
    • Filing of annual return
  3. Limited Liability Partnership
    • Filing of financial statements
    • Filing of annual return
    • Filing of income tax return
    • Appointment of auditor
    • Filing of LLP annual return

You don’t need a proper office to incorporate a business entity. You can register your residential address as a registered place of your business with MCA for which some address proof along with the NOC (No Objection Certificate) has to be filed with the prescribed form.

NRIs only allowed to incorporate limited business entities in India including private limited company and limited liability partnership. Also, there is no requirement to obtain the prior approval from the government or RBI. But, in order to register a private company or an LLP at least one director/partner must be a resident of India. However, the private limited company is ideal for NRIs.

In order to execute the idea into a long-term business, choosing the right form of business is important. For start-ups, Private Limited Company is the best option for the following reasons:

  • Limited legal compliances
  • No minimum capital contribution
  • Need only 2 directors and shareholders (both can be the same person)
  • Funding can be raised
  • Limited liability of the members

As per the relevant Act, there is no minimum requirement for Paid-up Share capital or contribution to incorporate a private company, one person company or limited liability partnership. However, each shareholder/partner should subscribe to a minimum one share of Rs.10 face value.

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